RACISM – perceptions and perspectives from Manitobans (July 9, 2020)
Manitobans’ support for protests against racism
Most Manitobans agree that the recent protests against racism are totally justified. Almost 8 in 10 agree that the protests in the United States are justified, including about half who say that they strongly agree. Slightly fewer Manitobans agree that the protests against racism in Canada are totally justified, but still over 7 in 10 agree, including 44% who strongly agree.
While a majority in all age groups agree that the protests in the United States are totally justified, the youngest group (18 to 29 years of age) are the most likely to agree (88% agree about the United States, 84% agree about Canada).
Systemic racism in police services
Eight in 10 Manitobans agree that police services in the United States have a problem with systemic racism (including 53% who strongly agree). This compares with 2 in 3 who agree that this same problem exists in Canada (including 31% who strongly agree).
The youngest age cohort (18 to 29 years) is most likely to agree (78%) that systemic racism is a problem in Canadian police services. The youngest age cohort is also most likely to agree (91%) that systemic racism is a problem among police services in the United States. In addition, those living in Winnipeg (72%) are more likely than those living outside the city (57%) to say that systemic racism is a problem in Canadian police services.
Racism in Manitoba
Five years ago, Maclean’s dubbed Winnipeg the most racist city in Canada, stating that relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in the province are negative rather than positive. At that time, PRA asked Manitobans two questions about racism in our province.
Manitobans are now more likely to believe that racism is a problem. In 2015, 44% thought that racism in Manitoba was a problem. In 2020, this has increased to 61%.
In 2020, women (20%) are more likely than men (9%) to say that racism is a serious problem. The youngest age group (23%) is more likely than older age groups to consider it a serious problem (12% for those 45 years and older).
Relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people
We asked about relations between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Manitoba. In 2015, 45% of Manitobans said that they thought the relations were negative (very or somewhat), while in 2020, 72% say the same.
Those between 18 and 29 years of age are more likely to say that relations are negative (83%) than older respondents (68% to 71%).
Relations with Black people and people of colour
We asked about the relations of Black people and people of colour with those who are not Black or of colour. Manitobans are more likely to say that relations in Canada are negative (43%) than to say that relations are negative in Manitoba specifically (37%).
PRA conducted the survey from June 23 – July 3, 2020, using its Manitoba Panel. In total, 2,033 Manitobans completed the survey.
Because this sample is a non-probability sample, no error rate can be calculated. A random population survey of this size would yield an error rate of ± 2.2% (19 times out of 20).
As any sample may not represent the population perfectly, PRA corrects statistically for discrepancies in gender, age, and income to ensure that the sample corresponds as closely as possible to Statistics Canada information.
PRA Inc. sponsored these questions independently.
No other organization, public or private, funded this study in whole or in part.
For more information about the research, please contact Nicholas Borodenko, partner, at email@example.com
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On August 7, 2021, the provincial government announced that restrictions would be eased and provincial reopening would begin sooner than planned.